All About Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana
Skill development is vital for the betterment of socio-economic factors. Even the “Make In India” programme was launched with an aim. The main agenda behind it is to up-skill the large human resource in an effective way.
The Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA) set up a scheme. It is called Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana (DAY). For this plan, the Government of India has granted Rs. 500 crore.
The major goal of the yojana is to uplift the urban poor people. It will be by improving opportunities for sustainable livelihood via skill development.
The scheme also targets the livelihood of urban street vendors. It aims to provide social security, skills, suitable space, etc., for them. This will support them to access the emerging opportunities of the market.
DAY is in integration with two missions. They are as follows:
- National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) and
- National Urban Livelihood Mission (NULM).
Lets read all about DAY-NULM & DAY-NRLM.
The DAY Is in integration with the NULM. Its application helps in reducing debt and poverty of urban poor households. The MoHUPA has set up this scheme. It allows urban poor to take opportunities for self and skilled wage employment. This will conclude in enhancing their income on a sustainable basis. It will build institutions for the poor people at a strong basic level too.
Mission of DAY-NULM
The aim of DAY-NULM are as follows:
Encourage the urban poor to set up their institution. This will offer them sufficient capacity to access finance, expand their skills, and much more.
Support the poor from city to national level for handling their institutions. For instance, the poor and its institutions drive a livelihood promotion programme. It is taken forward in a time-limit manner. Such a potent institutional platform will support the poor in many ways. It will build their financial, social and different resources.
Features of DAY-NULM
There are various features that provide support to urban poor. These features are as follows:
- Institution development and social mobilization
- Support to vendors of Urban Street
- Training and capacity building
- Programmes for self-employment
- Schemes for Urban homeless shelter
Application of the DAY-NULM
The UTs/states have to send monthly or quarterly progress reports of targets and achievements in prescribed formats. They will have to set up a monitoring mechanism for the components’ progress.
The activities of monitoring will involve the following:
- Social audit,
- Third party assessment,
- Effect on assessment studies, etc.
The mission directorate of MoHUA will issue detailed guidelines. These will be in regard to the operation for each sub-component and component of DAY-NULM. They are set to operate, monitor and implement.
In June 2011, the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) set up a scheme. It was Aajeevika- National Rural Livelihoods Mission. This scheme aims to create efficient and effective platforms of institutions. The rural people are able to increase their income and enhance access to financial services.
An agenda of this scheme is to cover 7 crore poor rural households and support them for livelihood collectives. The program offers facilities for the urban poor to access rights, public services, etc. In November 2015, its name was changed as DAY- NRLM.
Mission of DAY-NRLM
DAY-NRLMs’ mission is to lessen poverty in the rural areas. The people can take opportunities for skilled wage and self occupation. This will result in enhancing their livelihood based on endurance.
The plan focuses on some points to include the poor in the organized industry. These points are as follows:
- Create link for the rural poor people with livelihood opportunities
- Impart requisite skill, and
- Build capacity
The allocation of the program plan will be on the basis of inter-poverty ratios. It will follow a strategy based on demand. The states will have the resilience to set up their yearly action plan. Besides this, it can prepare prospect plans based on livelihoods to reduce poverty.
Features of DAY-NRLM
The features of the DAY-NRLM are as follows:
- Financial inclusion
- Sensitive Support Structures
- Global Social Mobilization
- All time community funds as resources
- Participatory Identification of Poor (PIP)
- Partnerships and meetings
Application of the DAY-NRLM
The DAY-NRLM has been in application for over ten years. It aims to work in blocks that have about 13,500 total poor families. These families are spread over 100-120 villages. For simple application, these villages are divided into 4 groups. They will have 30 villages in a group.
The block application is done in four methods. These are as follows:
1. Intensive blocks:
Application with resource person of internal community.
2. Non-intensive blocks:
State blocks that are not taken up in the initial stage for application.
3. Resource blocks:
The National Resource Organization supports the operation of this block.
4. Partnership blocks:
These blocks are in operation with two bodies. They are NGO partners and the local community union.
There are various plans that are set up for the development of poor people. DAY is one such Government initiative. It was set up in 2011 under the National Rural Livelihood Mission.
The Union Cabinet has sanctioned Rs. 520 crore in 2021. It is done under DAY-NRLM for the UTs, J&K and Ladakh. The sanction amount will be valid till the financial year 2023-24.
Q1. Why was DAY-NULM set up?
The DAY-NULM was set up to decrease urban poor households’ poverty. It enables the urban poor people to access self and skilled wage employment.
Q2. What is DAY-NRLM?
DAY-NRLM is a program to reduce poverty. It aims to build strong institutions for the poor of rural areas. The program allows these institutions to take livelihood and financial services.
Q3. Which scheme is reformed as NRLM?
Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana was reformed as NRLM since1st April 2013.
Q4. What is SMMU, NMMU and ULB?
- SMMU stands for State Mission Management Unit
- NMMU stands for National Mission Management Unit, and
- ULB stands for Urban Local body.
Q5. What is the role of NUUM under NULM?
The role of NUUM is to release money for all state components and define targets.
Q6. How many SHGs take help under NRLM?
SHGs will have to follow the norms of Panchsutra for taking benefits under NRLM. The norms are as follows:
- Update book records
- Regular meeting
- Repayment on time
- Regular Savings