All About Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana
Global trends like urbanization, technology, etc., are changing the nature of skill demands. A person must have a broad skill set to be successful in the labor market of the 21st century.
Skill development can contribute to economic growth and structural change. It will enhance labor output & employment and help the country to become more determined.
There is a huge gap in primary literacy of working age populations. As per the World Bank report, 750 million citizens above 15 are unable to read & write. The COVID-19 has brought a sharp relaxation in before the critical vision of quality skill development. It has added urgency to highlight the inaction cost & call for reform.
The Government of India launched a scheme in 2015. It was to promote & encourage skill development. The scheme was called “Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana”. This scheme included free short duration skill training for youth. It motivates them by providing monetary rewards.
About the PMKVY
The PMKVY is a flagship scheme. It is under the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE). This scheme is implemented by National Skill Development Corporation.
It focuses on the youth having previous learning experience and who wants to enter the industry. The eligible candidate can select the course mentioned in the scheme. Applicants with skills or prior experience will have to go through assessment. They will get skill training for a particular job role. After that, the applicant will get a certificate under the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).
The MSDE has set up the third phase of this scheme on 15th January 2021 called PMKVY 3.0.
Objectives of the scheme
The primary objective of PMKVY is to:
- Train people in multiple skills so that they can secure themselves economically.
- Enhance the ability of the existing workforce.
- Train & certify employers as per industry needs.
- Boost output & skills of youth work by motivating them to get training for skills.
- Offer an average of Rs.8000/- as cash reward per candidate.
- The scheme is applicable to all Indian citizens who are un-employed youth. A school/college dropout can apply for the scheme.
- Indian citizen with authentic proof of identity.
Following are the salient features of the scheme-
- Rojgar and kaushal mela
- Recognition of previous learning
- Assistance to provide placement
- Short-term training
- Regulation of conversation & branding
- Regular monitoring
- Online Procedure
The citizen will have to follow the below- mentioned steps for online PMKVY application-
- Visit the official website of PMKVY.
- Apply for new registration.
- Fill out all the information mentioned on the form.
- Tap on the submit button.
The training partner will get the info of the candidate from the database. He/She will arrange the training. The candidate will receive the award after successful training. It will be as per the scheme norms.
- Offline Procedure
The person must visit near-by PMKVY kendras to register themselves for this scheme. They must carry the documents like:
- Bank passbook,
- Aadhaar Card,
- Pan Card & other details.
Application of the scheme
- The National Skill Development Corporation carries out the PMKVY Scheme.
- Associate training providers of State/Central Government will be used to train under the scheme.
- The training providers will register themselves on the SMART portal before getting involved under the scheme.
- The training will be on good work morality, personal grooming, soft skills, etc.
- The State Governments & Sector Skills Councils will oversee skill training.
Key Statistics ( As on March 2021)
The Road Ahead
The Government has assessed the prior programmes for training the youth of India. In the 2021-26 phase of PMKVY, the Government is focusing on areas like AI, Machine Learning, etc. They are mapping all the industries to identify skills that are in demand.
For every sector, job position & in-demand skills is assessed with salary. The certified programmes are developed for the unskilled youth. Partnership of private and public institutions with Government is formed for these programmes.
The Central & State Government will give inputs for local youth’s need of employment. Skill & job mapping will also be accomplished at a district level.
A transforming India initiative- PMKVY has boosted youth’s capacity of work & industry. 19.85 lakh youth were trained at the time of pilot phase. The PMKVY launched its third phase on 15 January 2021. It was set up with a view to meet market demands that became crucial due to the onset of COVID-19.
The aim of PMKVY 3.0 has shifted to a demand-based approach. It will focus on teaching the new skills to increase the output of the existing work force. The scheme will give training in digital mode to cover a wide youth area.