What is Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana?
The central government launched a scheme. It was for the people affected by mining-related operations. They named it “Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana”.
The program provides the welfare of people. Along with areas affected by mining-related operations.
The large areas in the country are rooted in scheduled tribes. They are the most beneficial for mining areas. This yojana provides protection to health. Along with the economic and natural conditions of the tribes. It will further provide them chances to get benefits from mineral resource areas.
The ST’s are located in the areas covered under the 5th schedule of the constitution.
- To ensure long term sustainable livelihood of people,
- To decrease the negative effects of mining,
- To decrease the after and during effect in mining,
- To improve the environment, socio-economic & health of people,
- To put various welfare & enlightening projects in mining areas,
- The projects will be completed with the existing projects. They are of central and state governments.
- This scheme will be implemented by the District Mineral Foundations. The respective districts have DMF’s who will use the funds given to them.
- For high preference areas, there will be the use of at least 60% of PMKKKY funds. It will be in:
b) Health care
c) Drinking water supply
d) Welfare of children and women
e) Environment preservation & measure for pollution control
f) Skill development
h) Welfare of aged and disabled people
- The funds which are left will be utilized for the following:
b) The physical base
c) Improve environmental quality with any other measures
d) Watershed & energy development
- The MMDR Amendment act 2015, ordered the setting up of DMF’s. It will be in all the districts of the country affected by mining-related procedures.
- The DMF’S will be funded by the holders. They are of mining leases with statutory input.
- The rules specifying DMF’s rate of contribution had been notified on 17.09.2015.
- While the contribution to DMF’s got affected from12.1.2015. & then the MMDR act came into force.
- For DMF’s the statutory grants will be increased to the DMF’s trust. This trust is set up in every district by the state Government. Accordingly, it will be utilized as per the rules prescribed by the State Government.
- The DMF will work in the manner in which it will be in the interest of the persons. Also, it benefits the persons and areas affected by mining.
- Till now the DMF’s are established in 307 districts. It includes 12 major mining, producing states.
- The states are-
- Goa, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Telangana.
- Till now Rs. 11028 Crores of the amount has been collected by the states under the DMF’s.
- On 13.09.2017, a contract has been signed. It is between the national institute for smart government and the ministry of mines. Further, it will provide PMU support. Also the hand-holding or services for the National Web portal development.
Guidelines for Identification of affected areas and people to be covered under the PMKKKY
- AFFECTED AREAS
A) DIRECT AFFECTED AREAS
- The areas where direct mining-related operations are executed in places. It includes mining, excavation, blasting and water disposal.
- The areas in gram and village panchayat where the mines are situated and are workable.
- The radius area covered under the cluster of mines or a mine must be mentioned by the state government. Yet of the fact that the area is within the concerned district or adjacent district.
- The family of the villages was resettled by the project authority. As they got displaced by mines.
- Villages that actually depend upon the mines to meet their economic needs. It should be considered as directly affected areas.
B) INDIRECTLY AFFECTED AREAS
- Those areas where there is a negative effect on the local population due to operations of mining.
- The effect is on the account of social, economic & natural issues.
- There are many negative impacts of mining which include air-soil quality & the decline of water. It also has stream flows reductions & groundwater depletion.
- The impacts of the mining as well contain pollution & blockage and shipping of minerals. Thus, also includes an increased burden on existing resources & framework.
- AFFECTED PEOPLE
The directly affected people should be included in the following:
- “Affected family” as described in section 3 (c). This section is on the Right to Fair Compensation & transparency in land Acquisition. It is mentioned in Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013.
- “ Displaced Family” as described in section 3 (k) of the above act.
- Any family identified as appropriate by the Gram Sabha.
- The mining-affected person includes people who have legal and business rights. It is over the mining land.
- Affected family identified by a local or elected member of Gram Sabha.
- The DMF should prepare and maintain the list. It will be of such affected local communities or persons.
Guidelines on Use of Funds
1. High priority areas
To use at least 60% of the PMKKKY funds in the below areas.
a) Drinking water supply
To centralize purifying systems, plants of water treatment. Also, laying of pipes for water supply & more.
b) Pollution control and natural conservation measures
- Prevention of streams, lakes, groundwater pollution in the region
- Actions for controlling air and dust pollution
- Mine drainage system
- Technologies to prevent mine pollution
- Measures for abandoned or working mines
- And other machines to control air, water, and surface pollution
- Construction of more classrooms, School buildings. Development of labs, art craft, etc. in remote areas. Building sports base, setting e-learning, and other transport change facilities.
- It also includes programs related to nutrition.
The creation of secondary or primary health care facilities in the concerned areas. The emphasis should be on the need for equipment, necessary staff & supplies for facilities.
e) The welfare of women and children
Addressing maternal and child health problems with special programs. Also, managing the programs for the welfare of aged & disabled people.
Cleaning public places & disposal of waste. The need for a toilet and other related activities.
g) Skill development
- Development of skills for livelihood & income generation. Development of economic activities for eligible local persons.
- The scheme may include training, support to Self Help Group & self- employ schemes. It includes the need for backward and forward linkages for these activities. These are self-employment economic activities.
2. Other priority areas
To use 40% of the PMKKKY in the below areas.
a) Physical infrastructure
The projects on providing the required physical framework. It includes roads, highways, bridges, etc.
b) Watershed & energy development
- Development of different sources of energy
- Development of rainwater harvesting system
- Development of integrated farming & economic forestry
- Development of farms & rebuilding of drainage basins
- Development of options for the source of irrigation
- Adoption of improved and suitable irrigation techniques